Hammer Toe can occur when a person does not wear appropriate shoes, for example if the shoes are too tight at the front or are pointed that can cause the joints to be pushed inward which over long periods of time can cause these joints to become dislocated. Flat feet or High arched feet can also result in buckling toes which is a major cause of hammer toe. As such, genetics plays a major role in the occurrence of hammer toe, if you are genetically predisposed to having high arches or flat feet the chances of hammer toe occurring is higher than in the general population.
If left untreated the toe muscles will eventually be unable to straighten.
Patients often develop corns and calluses on the tips of the toes or on the top of the middle joint of the toe. Pain can also develop in the other toes and the feet as a whole. This can make it difficult to find comfortable footwear.
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